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BAHADUR SHAH I., a Mogul emperor of Hindustan, A.D. 1707-1712, the son and successor of Aurangzeb. He was sixty-three years old when he succeeded his father in 1707, ruling for less than five years. As the second son of Akbar Shah II and Lal Bai, he was not his father’s original choice to ascend the throne. The 65-year old Bahadur Shah emerged victorious. support the groovy and subscribe i … He accompanied his father King Prithvi Narayan Shah on battlefields and in negotiations. He recognized Ajit Singh as the ruler of Jodhpur. Bahadur Shah I (1707-1712) : Also known as Muazzam or Shah Alam. The second son of Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah I, by his second wife, Maharajkumari Amrita Bai Sahiba. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). With Raj Babbar, Juhi Chawla, Mukesh Khanna, Ashok Kumar. As Prince MuÊ¿aẓẓam, the second son of the emperor Aurangzeb, he was the prospective heir after his elder brother defected to join their father’s brother and rival, Shah Shujāʿ. The eldest son of the Great Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, Bahadur Shah's original name was MuÊ¿azzam. People Projects Discussions Surnames Bahadur Shah (born Mirza Abu Zafar Siraj-ud-din Muhammad; 1775 – 1862), also known as Bahadur Shah Zafar and Bahadur Shah II, is the last of India's Mughal emperors, who declares himself supreme ruler of India during Act III: India of The Asian Dynasties campaign. On Aurangzeb's death, his three sons fought among themselves for the throne. There was no destruction of temples in Bahadur Shah’s reign. Some interesting facts that you must know: Bahadur Shah's full name was 'Abul-nasr Sayyid Qutb-ud-din Muhammad Shah Alam Bahadur Shah Badshah' Bahadur Shah I followed a policy of compromise and conciliation, and there was evidence of the reversal of some of the narrow-minded policies and measures adopted by Aurangzeb. Bahadur Shah Zafar, also known as Bahadur Shah II, was the last Mughal emperor of India who reigned from 1837 to 1857 for a period of 20 years. He succeeded to the throne in 1707 at the old age of sixty three, and became the seventh Mughal Emperor. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. But he was imprisoned and exiled by his elder brother, Pratap Singh when … Bahadur Shah Zafar or Bahadur Shah II (Persian: بهادرشاه ظفر‎) (born as Mirza Abu Zafar Siraj-ud-din Muhammad) (24 October 1775 – 7 November 1862) was the last Mughal emperor. In spite of hard efforts of Bahadur Shah, there was further deterioration in the field of administration in Bahadur Shah's reign. During Bahadur Shah's reign, the remnants of the Royal treasure, amounting to some total 13 crores of rupees in 1707, were exhausted. There was no destruction of temples in Bahadur Shah… At the time of the latter's death his eldest surviving son, Prince Muazim, was governor of Kabul, and in his absence the next brother, Azam Shah, assumed the functions of royalty. Bahadur Shah was examining towards a solution of the problems besetting the Empire. And after Bahadur shah I kill him he becomes the king of Mughal emperor. He ruled for five years. Updates? Genealogy for Bahadur Shah I (1643 - 1712) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. After being persecuted for eight years under the rule of the powerful emperors Aurangzeb and Shah Jahān, he was appointed governor of Kabul (now in Afghanistan) in 1699 by his father. But after the death of the Guru, the Sikhs once again raised the banner of revolt in Punjab under the leadership of Banda Bahadur. Bahadur Shah I 1526 - 1857, 1628 – 1707 Personalities, Personalities Born in Burhanpur on October 14, 1643, Bahadur Shah I, originally named Muazzam, was the eldest son of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. In the beginning, he made an attempt to gain greater control over the regional states through the conciliation; however, dissensions developed among the regional kingdoms (including Rajput, Marathas, etc. For most of his reign he was a client of the British and was without real authority. Bahadur Shah I ascended the throne in AD 1707. Bahadur Shah of Gujarat - Qutb-ud-Din Bahadur Shah, born Bahadur Khan was a sultan of the Muzaffarid dynasty who reigned over the Gujarat Sultanate, a late medieval kingdom in India from 1526 to … Following his involvement in the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the B… When his father died, Prince MuÊ¿aẓẓam killed his two brothers to become master of the empire. In his youth, he conspired to overthrow his father Aurangzeb, the sixth Mughal emperor, and ascend to the throne. He was the second son of Akbar Shāh II and Lāl Bāī. Bahadur Shah (bahasa Urdu: بہادر شاه اول — Bahādur Shāh Awwal) (14 Oktober 1643 – 27 Februari 1712) adalah Maharaja Mughal ketujuh yang berkuasa dari tahun 1707 hingga kematian pada tahun 1712. Bahadur Shah I ( 1707-1712) Aurangzeb was succeeded by his son Muazzam, who ascended the throne as Bahadur Shah I in 1707. He adopted a more tolerant attitude towards the Hindu chiefs and rajas. There was no destruction of temples in Bahadur Shah’s … He might have revived the Imperial fortunes, but unfortunately, his death in 1712 plunged the Empire once again into civil war. Born Mu'azzam, Shah was the third son of Aurangzeb with his Muslim Rajput … He tried to win over the Rajputs and the Marathas to his side by following a policy of compromise and conciliation. Unike his brother Pratap Singh Shah (r. 1775–1777) who was a luxury-loving and indulgent king more interested in tantrism; Bahadur remained a disciplined and farsighted statesman.. Bahadur Shah I ruled over India from 1707 to 1712, until his death. After the usual war of succession, Bahadur Shah survived and ascended the throne. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Bahadur-Shah-I, Indianetzone - Biography of Bahadur Shah I. From million dollar parties to iron bridges in Britain, sort fact from fiction in this historical smorgasbord. He adopted a more tolerant attitude towards the Hindu chiefs and rajas. Pawar of succession started among rest of his three surviving sons - Muazzam, Azam and Khan Baksh. Bahadur Shah I was the third son of Aurangzeb with Muslim Rajput wife, Nawab Bai. Bahadur Shah (Persian: بہادر شاه اول‎—Bahādur Shāh Awwal) (14 October 1643 – 27 February 1712), also known as Muhammad Mu'azzam (Persian: محمد معظم‎) and Shah Alam (Persian: شاه عالم‎), was the seventh Mughal emperor of India, ruled from 1707 until his death in 1712. He was a capable ruler. Born Mu'azzam, Shah was the third son of Aurangzeb with his Muslim Rajput wife Nawab Bai and the grandson of Shah Jahan. He pursued pacifist policy and was, therefore, also called Shah Bekhabar. Prince MuÊ¿aẓẓam was sent in 1663 to represent his father in the Deccan plateau region of southern and central India. He was the second son of and became the successor to his father, Akbar II, upon his death on 28 September 1837. The grandson of Emperor Aurangzeb, during whose reign, he was the subahdar of Bengal Subah, Bihar and Odisha from 1697 to his death in 1712, and the great grandson of Emperor Shah … From 1696 to 1707, he was governor of Akbarabad(l… Shah's plans were intercepted by the emperor, who imprisoned him several times. Bahadur Shah was the son of Akbar Shah II. Bahadur Shah followed a policy of compromise and conciliation, and there was evidence of the reversal of some of the narrow-minded policies and measures adopted by Aurangzeb. He was learned, dignified, and deserving. Bahadur Shah followed a policy of compromise and conciliation, and there was evidence of the reversal of some of the narrow-minded policies and measures adopted by Aurangzeb. His reign was just 5 years till 1712, and durin. Ia adalah putra ketiga Aurangzeb dari istri Rajput Muslimnya Nawab Bai. Early life. Muazzam defeated Azam and Khan baksh and ascended the Mughal throne with the title of Bahadur Shah. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He led an army in 1683–84 against the Marathas in the Portuguese enclave of Goa, south of Mumbai, but, lacking Portuguese support, made a disastrous retreat. He ascended to throne after competing with his brothers. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …to Aurangzeb’s eldest surviving son, Aurangzeb, emperor of India from 1658 to 1707, the last of the great Mughal emperors....…. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. San Diego Museum of Art.jpg 900 × 1,176; 456 KB Bahadur Shah I with sons.jpg 2,649 × 3,200; 2.77 MB When Bahadur Shah received the news of death of Aurangzeb, he immediately decided to move towards […] He expanded his kingdom and made expeditions to help neighbouring kingdoms. Shah Zafar is the last Mughal emperor of Hindustan; after his involvement in the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the British exile him from Delhi's Red Fort to British-controlled Rangoon, bringing an end to the Mughal empire. Bahadur Shah I with his sons handing a sarpech to a grandson, ca. Bahadur Shah I Bahadur Shah (Persian: بہادر شاه‎ Bahādur Shāh) (14 October 1643, Burhanpur –27 February 1712, Lahore) was a Mughal Emperor, who ruled India from 1707 to 1712. He was born in 1757. Bahadur Shah I Bahadur Shah (Urdu: بہادر شاه اول ‎— Bahādur Shāh Awwal) (14 October 1643 – 27 February 1712), the seventh Mughal emperor of India, ruled from 1707 until his death in 1712. The Emperor decided to take strong measures and himself led a campaign against the rebels, soon controlled practically the entire territory between the Sutlej and the Yamuna, and reached the close neighborhood of Delhi. He adopted a more tolerant attitude towards the Hindu chiefs and rajas. Bahadur Shah conciliated Chatarsal (the Bundela chief, who remained a loyal feudatory) and the Jat chief Churaman, who joined him in the campaign against Banda Bahadur. Early life. Ia … Corrections? After Bahadur Shah’s death, a new element entered Mughal politics i.e. Life path number 11 September 5, 1772 – Fath-Ali Shah Qajar, Iranian king (d. 1834). During his short reign as Bahādur Shah I, he encountered opposition from the Marathas and the Rajputs, and in 1710–12 he drove the followers of the Sikh religion into the hills of the Punjab, subduing but not capturing their leader, Banda Singh Bahadur. He was a nominal Emperor, as the Mughal Empire existed in name only and his authority was limited only to the walled city of Old Delhi (Shahjahanbad). He adopted a more tolerant attitude towards the Hindu chiefs and rajas. Bahadur Shah had tried to conciliate the rebellious Sikhs by making peace with Guru Gobind Singh and giving him a high mansab (rank). Bahadur Shah, also known as Muhammad Mu'azzam and Shah Alam was the seventh Mughal emperor of India, ruled from 1707 until his death in 1712. Bahadur shah full name is Bahadur shah Awal and he was not related from royal blood he only rule 5 years, he was the 8 th Mughal emperor or we called him 7 th Mughal empire because Muhammad Azam Shah rule only three months. Qutb-ud-Din Bahadur Shah, born Bahadur Khan was a sultan of the Muzaffarid dynasty who reigned over the Gujarat Sultanate, a late medieval kingdom in India from 1526 to 1535 and again from 1536 to 1537. While previously the contest for the power had been between royal princes only, and the nobles had hardly any interference to the throne; now ambitious nobles became direct contenders for the power and used princes as mere pawns to capture the seats of authority. Bahādur Shah I, Mughal emperor of India from 1707–12. October 14, 1643 – Bahadur Shah I, Mughal emperor (d. 1712). Life path number 22 June 18, 1816 – Jung Bahadur Rana, Nepali ruler (d. 1877). the succeeding wars of succession. The position of state finances worsened as a result of his reckless grants and promotions. ); resultantly, they fought among themselves as well as against Mughal Emperor. Short History of Bahadur Shah I Mughal Emperor Podcast , of the brief reign on the mughal empire and the social importance. He is a son of King Prithvi Narayan Shah. Bahadur Shah (Persian: بہادر شاه اول ‎—Bahādur Shāh Awwal) (14 October 1643 – 27 February 1712), also known as Muhammad Muazzam (Persian: محمد معظم ‎) and Shah Alam (Persian: شاه عالم ‎) [1] was the seventh Mughal emperor of India, ruled from 1707 until his death in 1712. Bahadur Shah followed a policy of compromise and conciliation, and there was evidence of the reversal of some of the narrow-minded policies and measures adopted by Aurangzeb. As Prince MuÊ¿aẓẓam, the second son of the emperor Aurangzeb, he was the prospective heir after his elder brother defected to join their father’s brother and rival, Shah Shujāʿ. Bahadur Shah I (also Muhammed Muazzam, Shah Alam) was the son of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Bahādur Shah I, (born Oct. 14, 1643, Burhanpur [India]—died Feb. 27, 1712, Lahore [now in Pakistan]), Mughal emperor of India from 1707–12. BAHADUR SHAH I BAHADUR SHAH I (1643–1712), Mughal emperor (1707–1712). Bahadur Shah (Persian: بہادر شاه Bahādur Shāh) (14 October 1643, Burhanpur–27 February 1712, Lahore) was a Mughal Emperor, who ruled India from 1707 to 1711. His original name was Qutb ud-Din Muhammad Mu'azzam later titled as Shah Alam by … Bahadur Shah (Urdu: بہادر شاه اول ‎— Bahādur Shāh Awwal) (14 October 1643 – 27 February 1712), the seventh Mughal emperor of India, ruled from 1707 until his death in 1712. BAHADUR SHAH is A prince. Bahadur Shah II. Bahādur Shah I, (born Oct. 14, 1643, Burhanpur [India]—died Feb. 27, 1712, Lahore [now in Pakistan]), Mughal emperor of India from 1707–12. Omissions? There was no destruction of temples in Bahadur Shah I reign. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 1710. Bahadur Shah II (24 October 1775 – 7 November 1862) (reigned 1837-1858) was the last emperor of the Mughal Empire in India. His reign was mix of both, rejoice and controversy. 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